Recently, however, the state of science in Africa has improved. In 2006, members of the African Union implemented the goal for countries to spend 1% of their GDP on research and development (R&D). For reference, America spends over 2% of its GDP on R&D. Only Malawi, Uganda, and South Africa achieved this goal; however, the money spent on R&D then and since has seen quite an increase.
Not only can the rise of science in Africa be affirmed by examining fiscal expenditures, but one can also look at the propagation of science. For example, in 2012, South Africa won a bid to host one of the largest science projects in the world developing a large radio telescope called the Square Kilometre Array (SKA). This will hopefully have positive ramifications in South Africa. SKA’s Bernie Fanaroff hopes that it will change the way the world sees science and Africa, and the way scientists in Africa see themselves.
Science in Africa is on the rise. A larger number of quality papers are being produced in Africa, and the incentive for researchers to go to African institutions for their work is increasing. Hopefully, science in Africa is here to stay.