Science in Africa has undoubtedly been impacted by the Diaspora, and unlike those movements mentioned above, the repercussions of the Diaspora on science have been anything but good for Africa
One result of the Diaspora has been a large migration of many of the professionals who formerly resided in Africa. As many as a third of African professionals (amounting to 10 million people) have left the continent. Nigeria has been hit particularly hard by this migration. This loss is referred to as the “Brain-Drain” and has been one of the major obstacles in Africa’s development. According to a study performed by Oyowe in 1996, “there are more than 21,000 Nigerian Medical Doctors practicing in the United States alone (Adefusika 3).” On the other hand, Nigeria has only 20 Physicians per 100,000 people, a result of losing much of its professional population.
While there are a variety of reasons for professionals leaving the continent, the most commonly cited reason is that people feel that opportunities to advance their career in Africa are scarce. As long as the Brain-Drain continues, these opportunities for advancement will remain scarce in a vicious cycle. The solution, while easier said than done, is for governments in Africa to spend more money on endeavors such as research and medicine, this way staying in Africa is a more attractive prospect for professionals.