Certain types of cancer have been more susceptible to people in certain areas of Africa. This is usually caused by an infectious causative agent such as the cause of Kaposi’s sarcoma, a cancer that causes legions in soft tissues. There is also a large risk for breast cancer for African women. Not only do women in Africa have a higher risk of breast cancer, but also a higher risk of getting a more aggressive form of this type of cancer. Breaking it down a little further, South African, Ugandan, and Algerian women have seen their risk rates double over the past few years. The sad likelihood is that the statistics regarding cancer in Africa are higher than the ones that scientists have calculated. The unrepresented population may not be able to report themselves or get adequate medical attention.
The governments and political leaders of African countries have started to realize the growing problem and are slowly but surely starting to respond. New breakthroughs in the development of drugs such as Herceptin have slowed the death sentence of cancer for people in African countries. Preventative measures, such as regular screenings, have been implemented but most places on the continent of Africa do not have standardized prevention plans to combat the disease. To help with developing this plan, the National Cancer Registry and the Cancer Society of South Africa have started to provide education and awareness about the science of cancer. The main concern is the lack of funding for cancer research throughout Africa. This research will involve looking into exact factors in the environment that are causing locals to be at higher risks of getting cancer. Funding is not being provided in large amounts because the problem of cancer has not been seen as a problem in Africa by the world. Hopefully with more attention being given to cancer in Africa, the funding being given to labs developing new chemotherapeutic agents from local species with anticancer activity in African countries will increase and help to lower risk rates of cancer.