Over half of household income in Tanzania comes from illegal deforestation practices, cutting down the trees for charcoal production. In a place where poverty is widespread and there are extremely few options for making money, this charcoal production is heavily organized by groups of armed loggers stripping the forests. According to the UN Food and Agriculture’s most recent Global Forests Assessment, Tanzania has been losing forest at a rate of 400,000 hectares (almost one million acres) per year. This practice is resulting in extreme loss of biodiversity and soil erosion.
Fortunately, there is a solution! Rural beekeeping has the potential to become a financially appealing alternative to low-income families. However, traditional beekeeping in Tanzania is extremely time and labor intensive, so Tangayika Apicultural, an organization working primarily with women’s initiatives, is providing women with more technologically advanced hives to get the process started. The founder of Tangayika Apicultural, Philemon Kiemi says that "women in rural areas are more sensitive in the handling of their families than men, so if you work and support the women, you are supporting their families too." Hopefully the newly distributed bees will allow the trees to grow and biodiversity to flourish.
Article Source: tz_soil_mgmt_biodiv_kaihura.doc