How do people throughout the Africana World interact with the environment? How do they
improve or worsen issues related to climate change? We answer those questions here.
Sustainability in Africa has been a concern to environmentalist across the globe because of the potential that this continent holds in impacting global environmental health. Before the millennium in 1998, the Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development was put into action. This project was begun in order to protect the planet from degradation, implementing sustainable consumptions and production initiatives. Africa has been a region of great concern to those involved with this program. Africa, being an extremely large continent and holding over a billion of the world’s population, has the potential to cause a large portion of the world’s pollution. An article posted on theverge.com by Amar Toor states: “Africa could account for more than half of the world’s article pollution by the year 2030.” This prediction has put a severe stress on sustainable projects. Though the emphasis on implementing environmentally-friendly resources in Africa has been gargantuan, the reactions have been as well. Africa’s location close to the equator has afforded environmentalists to take advantage of the sunlight and take initiatives to develop solar energy on the continent in large scales.
A shocking percentage of the people in Africa lack electricity. 85.8% of people in rural areas in Sub-Saharan Africa do not have electricity. In a world and time where electricity is crucial to innovation and economic advancement, it is imperative that more of Africa "is on the grid." Solar power has been identified as a possible solution. Solar energy can be harnessed practically anywhere, which means that even remote African villages can have electricity. The solar harnessing panels can be scaled in size to meet the needs of the number of people that they serve. "Solar is modular so it can be sized to fit the needs of anywhere, from a light to a business, household to an entire village," said Sachi DeCou, co-founder of a company that operates a network of solar charging stations in Tanzania. Solar is a great option because it is a renewable resource- it will never run out as long as the sun is shining! It is also cheaper than the current price that people in Africa pay for kerosene lighting and basic electrical needs (of the people that actually have electricity).
The video below describes the new spread of solar energy across Africa. It gives evidence as to what is causing this change, as well as the beneficial impacts that are being made by this transition.
The diversity of African's wildlife is currently under attack. Poachers kill thousands of animals every year, endangering many species of animal. Here are some statistics that display the magnitude of this problem: